Fredrick Butcher  |  Research Assistant Professor

fred-butcher-2-1-336x420Fredrick Butcher, PhD, is a Research Assistant Professor with the Begun Center for Violence Prevention Research and Education at Case Western Reserve University (CWRU)’s Jack, Joseph, and Morton Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences.

Dr. Butcher’s research areas include youth violence, trauma, juvenile justice, and measurement in criminal justice research. His work often focuses on children and adolescents in areas ranging from young people in the juvenile justice system to the effects of exposure to violence (either directly as a victim or indirectly as a witness at school, as is widely reported.)

His writing has been published in a number of journals including Research on Social Work Practice,Law Enforcement Executive Forum, Police Practice and Research, and Criminal Justice Policy Review.

Fred recently co-authored a 200+ page report for the State of Ohio on the Behavioral Health and Juvenile Justice (BHJJ) program.


Behavioral Health and Juvenile Justice (BHJJ)

Juvenile justice-involved youth with serious behavioral health issues often have inadequate and limited access to care to address their complex and multiple needs. The BHJJ program diverts youth from local and state detention centers into more comprehensive, community-based mental and behavioral health treatment. The BHJJ program enrolled juvenile justice-involved youth between 10-18 years of age who met several of the following criteria: a DSM IV Axis I diagnosis, substantial mental status impairment, a co-occurring substance use/abuse problem, a pattern of violent or criminal behavior, and a history of multi-system involvement.

Analysis of the Validity Scales in the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children
Fredrick Butcher; Jeff M. Kretschmar; Yingge Lin; Daniel J. Flannery; Mark I. Singer
Social Work Practice | March 2014
Little empirical attention has been paid to the validity scales of the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children (TSCC). The purpose of this study is to examine the prevalence of cases identified by the validity scales and its analytical impact. The present study demonstrates the analytical impact of the TSCC validity scales and provides statistical evidence for the removal of invalid cases.
View Abstract

Neighborhood Disorganization, Exposure to Violence in School,
and Behavioral Health in a Population of Juvenile Justice-Involved Youth

Fredrick Butcher; Jeff M. Kretschmar; Daniel J. Flannery; Mark I. Singer
Law Enforcement Executive Forum | December 2012
The prevalence of school violence and its impact on adolescent mental health and behavior has been a topic of concern for school administrators and law enforcement personnel. Although rates of youth violence have generally declined over the past few decades, nearly half (46.3%) of a national sample of children and adolescents were victims of an assault in the past year. The impact of such widespread exposure to violence in schools has been studied extensively in a variety of community and clinical samples, yet the influence of neighbor-hood factors on exposure to school violence and its impact on youth remains understudied.
View Abstract

An Evaluation of the Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice (BHJJ) Initiative
Jeff M. Kretschmar; Fredrick Butcher; Daniel J. Flannery
Behavioral Health in Ohio Current Research Trends | May 2013
While many juvenile justice-involved youth demonstrate significant behavioral health issues, it is often the case that these problems have gone untreated by mental health professionals. For many juvenile justice-involved youth, the juvenile justice system is the first place that they have received any type of behavioral health treatment.
View PDF

Peer Reviewed:
Butcher, F., Kretschmar, J., Lin, Y., Flannery, D. J., Singer, M. I. (in press). Analysis of the Validity Scales in the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children. Research on Social Work Practice.

Butcher, F., Kretschmar, J., Flannery, D. J., Singer, M. I. (2012). Neighborhood Disorganization, Exposure to Violence in School, and Behavioral Health in a Population of Juvenile Justice Involved Youth. Law Enforcement Executive Forum, 12(4), 8-21.

Jefferis, E., Butcher, F., Hanley, D. (2011). Measuring perceptions of police use of force. Police Practice and Research: An International Journal, 12(1), 81-96.
*This paper won honorable mention in the journal’s 2011 Best Paper Award

Jefferis, E., Dogutas, C., Butcher, F., Davis, M. S., & Flannery, D. J. (2008) Research note: Temporal variations in school-associated, nonfatal violent injuries. Law Enforcement Executive Forum. 8(6), 95-105.

Brewer, T., Jefferis, E., Butcher, F., & Wiles, T. (2007) A case study of the Northern Ohio Violent Fugitive Task Force. Criminal Justice Policy Review. 18(2), 200-220.

Book Chapters:
Kretschmar, J., Butcher, F., & Flannery, D. J. (Forthcoming). The Impact of Bullying and Cyberbullying on Depression and Suicidality. In Van Dulmen, M. H. M. (Ed.) Suicide across the Life-Span: Integrating Developmental and Public Health Perspectives. Kent, OH: Kent State Press.

Other Publications:
Kretschmar, J., Butcher, F., & Flannery, D. J. (2013). An Evaluation of the Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice (BHJJ) Initiative. Behavioral Health in Ohio: Current Research Trends.

Technical Reports:
Kretschmar, J., Flannery, D. J., & Butcher, F. (2012) An Evaluation of the Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice Initiative: 2007-2011. Submitted to The Ohio Department of Mental Health.

Kretschmar, J., Flannery, D. J., & Butcher, F. (2010) An Evaluation of the Behavioral Health/Juvenile Justice Initiative: 2007-2009. Submitted to The Ohio Department of Mental Health, The Ohio Department of Youth Services, and The Ohio Department of Alcohol and Drug Addiction Services.

Butcher F., Kretschmar, J., Lovell, R. “The Impact of Childhood Abuse on the Risk for Out of Home Placement for Youth Participating in a Behavioral Health and Juvenile Justice Program” Paper presented at the 2013 Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Atlanta, GA.

Butcher F., Kretschmar, J., Flannery, D. “Conceptualization of the Recent Exposure to Violence Scale among Juvenile Justice Involved Youth” Paper presented at the 2012 Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, New York, NY.

Butcher F. “Does Socio Economic Status Matter?” Paper presented at the 2009 Presidential Symposium on Research: Hypervigilance: Fact, Fiction, or Fault, Kent, OH.

Butcher F. “Exposure to Violence and Violent Behavior in a Sample of Girls” Paper presented at the 2009 Meeting of the Western Society of Criminology, San Diego, CA.

Butcher, F. and Kunkle, S., “Long Term Effects of Sexual Victimization: Predicting Adult Criminality among Victimized Children” Paper presented at the 2007 Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Atlanta, GA.

Butcher F. “Can Parents have an Effect? Video Games as a Social Learning Process” Poster presented at the 2007 Meeting of the American Society of Criminology, Atlanta, GA.

Butcher, F. “Video Games and Expectations of Violence” Paper presented at the 2007 Meeting of the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, Seattle, WA.

“Evaluating Community Corrections for Juveniles”
Podium Presentation

“Individuals With Open Warrants: Motivations for Surrendering at A Church”
New Orleans, LA at 19th Annual Society for Social Work and Research

“Behavioral Health Needs and Criminogenic Risk: An Integrated Approach to Risk and Need Assessment” 
Tampa, FL at 28th Annual Research 7 Policy Conference on Child, Adolescent, and Youth Adult Behavioral Health

“Impact of Child Trauma on Delinquency: Implications for Juvenile Justice”
Columbus, OH at Community Forum on Youth Justice at the Capital University Law School

“Criminogenic Risk and Behavior Health Needs”
Tampa, FL at Children’s Mental Health Research and Policy Conference

“Preliminary Findings on Serial Sexual Offenders from the Cuyahoga County Sexual Assault Kit Task Force”
Washington DC at the 71st Annual Meeting of the American Society of Criminology

“The Impact of the BHJJ Initiative on Adult Criminal Behavior and Recidivism”
Podium Presentation and Panel Chair


Personal Information

fredrick.butcher@case.edu
216/368.0370
CV-FButcher